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Ya buge ra'ayin jama'a

Yajin aikin Burtaniya: 1 cikin 3 Manya suna son TSINUWA akan Kungiyoyin Kwadago

Ya buge ra'ayin jama'a

Cire lambobi: Matasa sun fi goyon bayan yajin aikin, amma ƙungiyoyin kwadago suna rasa goyon bayan jama'a

GARANTIN GASKIYA (References::Ƙididdiga na hukuma: 5 Sources]

| By Richard Ahern - Fastoci, ma'aikatan jirgin kasa, malamai, ma'aikatan jinya, likitoci, da jerin suna ci gaba yayin da ƙarin masana'antu ke fuskantar yajin aikin a duk faɗin Burtaniya.

Daya daga cikin manyan yajin aikin farko ya fara ne a watan Agustan 2022, lokacin da sama da ma'aikatan gidan waya 100,000 suka dauki kwanaki 18 na yajin aikin da ya bazu cikin watanni kafin Kirsimeti. A sakamakon haka, da United Kingdom ya ga gagarumin cikas ga isar da saƙon Kirsimeti, tare da yajin aikin ƙarshe na shekara a jajibirin Kirsimeti.

Tun daga wannan lokacin, masana'antu da yawa ne kawai suka shiga su. Mafi girman rushewa a cikin sabuwar shekara daga ma'aikatan NHS, ciki har da ma'aikatan jinya da ma'aikatan motar asibiti. An gargadi jama'a game da jinkiri mai yawa lokacin buga lamba 999 don matsalolin gaggawa na likita da yin hakan kawai don gaggawar "rayuwa da gasa".

Ma'aikatan jinya sun kira yajin aiki mafi girma a tarihin NHS, wanda ya haifar da tsarin kiwon lafiya da ya riga ya tsaya cak.

Jama'ar Biritaniya suna fama da sakamakon, amma sun sami isa? Ko kuwa suna tsayawa ne da qungiyoyi suna adawa da gwamnati da kamfanoni?

Bari mu kwance bayanan…

Alkali Ketanji Brown Jackson
Yajin goyon bayan jama'a: binciken da ma'aikata ke goyon bayan jama'a suna daukar yajin aikin. Source: YouGov

Watakila abin mamaki, yajin aikin da suka fi firgita da muhimmanci ga jama’a su ne wadanda a halin yanzu suke da goyon baya mai karfi.

Kafin ƙungiyoyin sun sami tururi. zaben da aka gudanar a watan Yuni 2022 ya nuna jama'a sun fi jin tausayin ma'aikatan jinya, likitoci, da masu kashe gobara da kuma mafi karancin ma'aikatan jami'a, ma'aikatan gwamnati, da kuma lauyoyi.

Waɗannan ra'ayoyin har yanzu suna riƙe…

Mafi bayanan baya-bayan nan YouGov ya tattara akan 20 Disamba 2022 ya nuna a sarari cewa jama'a suna goyan bayan ma'aikatan jinya, ma'aikatan motar asibiti, da ma'aikatan kashe gobara sama da kowace masana'antu. Ma'aikatan jinya suna riƙe matsayi na sama tare da 66% na mutanen da ke bayan su; Ma'aikatan motar asibiti sun zo na biyu tare da tallafin 63%, kuma masu kashe gobara a bayansu a 58%.

Malamai da ma'aikatan gidan waya suma suna da kyakkyawan goyon baya, tare da kusan kashi 50% na jama'a a bayansu.

Ma'aikatan ceton rai sun fi samun goyon baya daga jama'a, duk da illar da yajin aikin zai iya haifarwa.

Saukowa cikin jerin, jama'a suna nuna mafi ƙarancin tallafi ga ma'aikatan gwamnati, sufuri na ma'aikatan London, da masu gwajin tuƙi, bisa ga bayanan YouGov daga Disamba.

Kungiyoyin kwadagon ra'ayin jama'a Kungiyoyin kwadagon ra'ayin jama'a
Ra'ayin jama'a kan ko ƙungiyoyi za su iya ɗaukar matakin yajin aiki "cikin sauƙi." Source: YouGov

Babban hoto

Babban hoto ya ɗan bambanta kuma yana nuna jama'a na iya ƙara gajiya da rugujewar ƙungiyoyin. A cikin rabin karshen shekarar 2022, an samu gagarumin tashin hankali a cikin mutanen da suka ce kungiyoyin kwadago za su iya buga "da sauqi" kuma a sanya takunkumi a kansu.

A cikin Yuni 2022, kashi 25% na yawan jama'a sun yi imanin ƙungiyoyin za su iya buga "cikin sauƙi" - wannan adadi ya haura zuwa 34% a cikin Nuwamba 2022.

Bayanan da aka tattara ta Ipsos yana kuma nuna gajiyawar da jama'a ke ta fama da su. Lokacin da aka tambaye shi game da ma'aunin wutar lantarki tsakanin masu daukar ma'aikata, ma'aikata, da kungiyoyin kwadago, daga watan Yuni zuwa Disamba 2022, ra'ayin jama'a game da ma'aunin wutar lantarki ya tashi cikin sauri. A cikin watan Yuni da Satumba, kusan kashi 30% sun ce ƙungiyoyin ma'aikata suna da "ƙananan ƙarfi", amma wannan adadi ya faɗi zuwa 19% a cikin Disamba. Hakazalika, kashi 61% sun ce ma’aikata suna da “kadan” iko a watan Yuni, amma wannan adadi ya ragu zuwa 47% a watan Disamba.

Bayanai kan tallafin jama'a na yajin aikin jirgin ya nuna cewa mutane sun fi tausayawa fasinjojin jirgin kasa (85%). Kashi 61% kuma sun tausayawa ma'aikatan layin dogo - amma an samu raguwar kashi 4 cikin dari a wannan adadin daga watan Satumba zuwa Disamba, wanda ya sake nuna rashin jin dadinsa game da rushewar.

Wanene ke goyon bayan yajin aikin?

A zurfafa zurfafa, akwai bayyananniyar alƙaluman jama'a waɗanda ke tallafawa ƙungiyoyi. Ƙungiyoyin sun fi samun goyon baya daga matasa masu tasowa.

Mun dauki matsakaicin jimlar tallafi ga duk yajin aikin masana'antu daga Disamba 2022 data. Matsakaicin jimlar tallafin ga duk ƙungiyoyi tsakanin masu shekaru 18 – 49 ya kasance 53.5%, idan aka kwatanta da mafi ƙanƙanta 38.8% na waɗanda suka haura 50 waɗanda ke goyon bayan yajin aikin.

Yajin aikin layin dogo na jama'a
Tallafin jama'a na yajin aikin jirgin kasa a 2022. Source: Ipsos

Ipsos ya gano cewa lokacin da aka tambaye shi game da yajin aikin jirgin, kashi 50% na masu shekaru 55 - 75 sun yi adawa da yajin aikin idan aka kwatanta da kashi 25% na masu shekaru 18 - 34 kawai.

Kuma a siyasance, bayanan ba abin mamaki bane…

Akasin haka, kungiyoyin sun fi samun goyon baya daga mutanen da suka zabi Labour a babban zaben 2019. Dauki ma'aikatan jinya waɗanda ke kan gaba don goyon bayan jama'a - 87% na masu jefa ƙuri'a na Labor suna bayan su idan aka kwatanta da kashi 49% na masu jefa ƙuri'a na Conservative. A duk faɗin masana'antu, wannan yanayin a bayyane yake.

Hatta ga masu binciken tuƙi, waɗanda suka zira mafi ƙasƙanci tare da jama'a a cikin Disamba - sama da rabin (55%) na masu jefa ƙuri'a na Labour har yanzu suna goyon bayan yajin aikin idan aka kwatanta da ƙarancin 13% na masu jefa ƙuri'a na Conservative. Hakazalika, masu jefa ƙuri'a na Liberal Democrat gabaɗaya suna goyon bayan ƙungiyoyi amma ƙasa da masu jefa ƙuri'a na Labour.

Me game da maza da mata?

Jinsi ya bayyana cewa ba shi da wani tasiri ga tallafin ga ƙungiyoyi. Har yanzu, maza sukan nuna juriya ga yajin aiki fiye da mata. Yawancin maza (67%) suna tallafawa ma'aikatan jinya da ke yajin aiki idan aka kwatanta da kashi 65% na mata. Hakanan, tare da ma'aikatan motar asibiti, muna ganin 65% na maza a bayan ƙungiyar idan aka kwatanta da 62% na mata.

Maza da mata ya fi girma ga masana'antu kamar ma'aikatan titina (44% namiji, 36% mace) da masu sarrafa kaya (42% namiji, 33% mace).

A gaskiya ma, ga kowace masana'antu da aka bincika, maza suna goyon bayan yajin aiki fiye da mata. Duk da haka, yana da mahimmanci a lura cewa, a matsakaita, yawan mata yana ɗaukar matsayi na tsaka tsaki, tare da ƙarin jefa ƙuri'a "ba su sani ba" a lokuta da yawa.

A cikin komi

  • NHS da ma'aikatan agajin gaggawa suna da mafi yawan tallafin jama'a.
  • Ma'aikatan gwamnati, Sufuri na ma'aikatan London, da masu jarrabawar tuki suna da mafi ƙarancin goyon baya daga jama'a.
  • Ra'ayin cewa ƙungiyoyin ma'aikata na iya yin yajin aiki "a sauƙaƙe" ya karu da 9% a ƙarshen rabin 2022.
  • Imani cewa ma'aikata na buƙatar ƙarin iko ya ragu daga 61% zuwa 47% daga Yuni zuwa Disamba 2022.
  • A matsakaita, 53.5% na masu shekaru 18 - 49 suna tallafawa ma'aikata da ke yajin aiki, idan aka kwatanta da 38.8% na mutane sama da 50.
  • Masu kada kuri'a na kwadago sun fi goyon bayan kungiyoyin kwadago.
  • Maza suna goyon bayan kungiyoyin kwadago fiye da mata da dan tazara.

Sakon kai-gida?

NHS da ma'aikatan gaggawa suna da goyon baya mafi ƙarfi daga jama'a, kuma wannan tallafin yana ƙaruwa. Amma duk da haka, gabaɗaya, jama'a na ƙara nuna damuwa game da yadda ƙungiyoyin ke da 'yancin yin yajin aiki. Musamman tallafi ga ma'aikatan jirgin kasa ya sami koma baya sosai a karshen shekarar da ta gabata.

Kuma a kididdiga, wanda ya fi kowa goyon bayan yajin aikin shi ne matashi (18 – 49), namiji mai kada kuri’a na Labour. Don haka ko da yake jinsi shi ne mafi ƙarancin bambance-bambance, a bayyane yake cewa matasa masu jefa ƙuri'a na Labour suna da tsayin daka don nuna goyon baya ga yajin aikin, amma tsofaffi masu ra'ayin mazan jiya suna son ganin ma'aikata sun dawo bakin aiki.

Kuna da ra'ayi? Kuna goyon bayan yajin aikin? Sharhi a kasa!

Muna bukatar taimakon ku! Mun kawo muku labaran da ba a tantance ba FREE, amma za mu iya yin wannan kawai godiya ga goyon bayan masu karatu masu aminci kamar haka KA! Idan kun yi imani da 'yancin magana kuma kuna jin daɗin labarai na gaske, da fatan za a yi la'akari da tallafawa aikin mu ta zama majiɓinci ko ta hanyar yin a gudummawar lokaci ɗaya a nan. 20% na ALL ana bayar da kudade ga tsoffin sojoji!

Wannan labarin yana yiwuwa ne kawai godiya ga mu masu tallafawa da majiɓinta!

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